Research Presented at Conferences

Year: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007-2001

2017 Conference Materials

Electric Utility Environment Conference (EUEC)

San Diego, CA   8-10 February 2017
A Bigger Market for Renewables than Electricity for the Grid:  Hydrogen and Ammonia Transportation Fuels

Presentation: PDF (10.8mb)

2016 Conference Materials

Intersolar North America 2016 Solar 2016-American Solar Energy Society

San Francisco, CA  11-14 July 2016
A Bigger Market for Solar than Electricity for the Grid:  Hydrogen Transportation Fuel via Underground Pipelines, with Annual-scale Firming Storage
Presentation:  PDF (13mb)
Poster: PDF (550kb)

World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2016

Zaragoza, Spain    13-16 June 2016
Session 3:  Countries Strategies, Associations, Assessments
A Larger Market for Renewables than the Electricity Grid: Hydrogen Fuel for Transportation and CHP
Presentation:  PDF (13.3mb)

Comments on Request for Information (RFI) DE-FOA-0001655 “H2@SCALE” 2 November 2016

Paper:  PDF (360kb)
Posters:  PDF (6.8mb)

2015 Conference Materials

Windpower 2015

Orlando, FL  18-21 May 2015
Session 8B:  The “Mostly Wind” Grid–Implications for Reliability, Markets, and Storage
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Integration of GW-scale Wind and Solar via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines
Presentation:  PDF (11.2mb)

Juneau World Affairs Council

Juneau, AK, 12 May 2015
Arresting Climate Change: Transforming the World’s Largest Industry
Presentation: PDF (30.1mb)

Article, Windtech-International

Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Storage, and Integration of Renewable Energy:  Using Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines, with Storage for < $1.00 kWh Capex
Publication:  https://www.windtech-international.com/editorial-features/alternatives-to-electricity-for-transmission-storage-and-integration-of-renewable-energy
Article:  PDF (695kb)

2014 Conference Materials

Fuel Cell Seminar and Energy Exposition Featuring Hydrogen Fuel

Los Angeles, 10-13 November 2014
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Storage, and Integration of Stranded Renewables: Hydrogen and Ammonia for Transportation and CHP Fuel
Presentation: PDF (16mb)

Ammonia Fuel Association, Eleventh Annual Meeting

Des Moines, Iowa, 21-24 September 2014
NH3 from Renewable-source Electricity, Water, and Air: Technology Options and Economics Modeling
Presentation:   PDF (6mb)

Joint Conference on Artificial Photosynthesis

The Royal Society, Chicheley Hall, Milton Keynes, UK, 8-10 July 2014
“Do we need a global artificial photosynthesis project (GAP), for solar fuels and chemicals?”
What Shall We Do with All that Photohydrogen?
Presentation:  PDF  (15.4mb)

ASME Energy Sustainability and Fuel Cell Science

Boston, 30 June – 2 July 2014
Running the World on Renewables: Emulating the Natural Gas Industry For Gathering and Transmission,
Annual-scale Storage, Distribution and End-use, Using Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation:   PDF (16mb)

TechConnect World 2014, Innovation Conference & Expo

Washington, DC, 15-19 June 2014
Low-cost Transmission, Storage, and Integration for Renewable-source Energy: Hydrogen and Ammonia C-free Fuel Systems with Underground Pipelines, Salt Caverns, and Liquid Ammonia Tanks
Paper:  PDF (480kb)

REvision2014: Global Energy Turnarounds and Japan’s Path World Smart Energy Week,

Tokyo, 26-28 February 2014
Memo to Delegates:  Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Gathering and Transmission, Annual-scale Firming Storage, and Integration of Diverse, Stranded, Renewable Energy (RE) Resources
Memo to Delegates:  Tokyo-JREF-WSEW Feb 23, 2014

EUEC – Electric Utility Environmental Conference

Phoenix, AZ,  3-5 February 2014
The Alaska Renewable-Source Ammonia Fuel Pilot Plant: Village Energy  Independence, Firming Storage, and Renewables Export
Presentation: PDF (10.2mb)
Memo to NREL Colleagues:  Word DOC (130kb)

2013 Conference Materials

PowerGen International, RE World

Orlando, FL,  12-14 November 2013
Panel, Microgrids Off-grid and On:   The Alaska Renewable-Source Ammonia Fuel Pilot Plant: Village Energy  Independence, Firming Storage, and Renewables Export
Best Paper Award, Utility Integration / Smart Grid track
Paper:  PDF (663kb)
Presentation:  PDF (7.1mb)
Memo to delegates:  PDF (37kb)

Santa Clara University, Engineering Department Energy Club

Santa Clara, CA,  22 October 2013
Running the World on Renewables: Energy Sustainability with God on our side?
Presentation:  PDF (25.9mb)

22nd World Energy Congress

Daegu, Korea, 13-17 October 2013. World Energy Council
Expert Forum Paper 689, 14 October:  Renewable Energy Bulk Storage for less than $1.00 / kWh Capital Cost as Gaseous Hydrogen (GH2) and Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) Carbon-free Fuels, with Transmission via Underground Pipelines
Paper:  PDF (404kb)
Presentation:  PDF (7.4mb)
Memo to fellow delegates:  PDF (37kb)

AAAS Arctic Science Conference

Kodiak, Alaska, 26-28 September 2013
Presentation: “Protecting the Arctic by Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels”
Presentation:   PDF (15.7mb)

ASME Power Conference

Boston, MA, 29 July – 1 August 2013
Renewable Energy Bulk Storage for < $1.00 / kWh Capital Cost as Gaseous Hydrogen (GH2) and Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3) C-free Fuels
Paper: POWER2013-98294   PDF (790kb)
Presentation:   PDF (7.4mb)
Alaska’s Renewable-source Fuel Energy Storage Pilot Plant: Toward Community Energy Independence via Solid State Ammonia Synthesis (SSAS)
Paper: POWER2013-98290   PDF (686kb)
Presentation:  PDF (8.2mb)

IEEE-PES-GM (Power and Energy Society General Meeting)

Vancouver, BC, Canada, 22-26 July 2013
Energy and Water:  Essential, Interdependent Commodities and Strategies
Composite of five panelists’ presentations: PDF (14.2mb)

Hydrogen + Fuel Cells 2013

Vancouver, BC, Canada, 16-19 June 2013 Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of 
Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Presentation:   PDF (10.6mb)
Alaska’s Solid State Ammonia Synthesis Pilot Plant (SSAS-PP) Demonstration System for Renewable Energy (RE) 
Firming Storage, Transmission, and Export
Presentation:   PDF (7.8mb)

2012 Conference Materials

World Renewable Energy Forum

Denver, CO, 13 – 17 May 2012
Energy Generation, Distribution, & Transportation Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration of Large-scale, Stranded, Renewable Energy
Presentation: (composite of six panelists), PDF (5.6mb)

19th World Hydrogen Energy Conference

Toronto, Canada, 3 – 8 June 2012
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration for Diverse, Stranded, Renewable Energy Resources: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Paper: PDF (1.5mb)
Presentation: PDF (11mb)

NH3 Fuel Association Annual Meeting

San Antonio, TX, 30 September – 3 October 2012
Comparing Fuels For Energy Transmission, Storage, and Integration
Presentation: PDF (4.4mb)

Low Carbon Earth Summit and New Energy Forum

Guangzhou, China, 19-21 October 2012
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration of Diverse, Stranded Renewables at GW Scale
Presentation: PDF (9.8mb)
Solving Renewable Energy’s Transmission, Firming Storage, and Supply Integration Problems: Alternatives to Electricity for Diverse, Stranded, Renewables at GW Scale
Presentation: PDF (11mb)

ASME-IMECE – American Society of Mechanical Engineers, International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

Houston, TX, 9 – 15 November 2012
Running the World on Renewables: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Video:  https://vimeo.com/208132918            22 minutes
Paper: PDF (1mb)
Presentation: PDF (12mb)

2011 Conference Materials

Low Carbon Earth Summit 2011

Dalian, PR China, 19-26 October 11
Low-cost, Large-scale, Firming Storage for Stranded Renewables in Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines and Solution-mined Salt Caverns
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewable Energy as Pipelined Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation: PPT (33mb)

International Gas Union Research Conference 2011

Seoul, Korea, 19-21 October 11
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Large-scale, Stranded, Renewable Energy as Pipelined Hydrogen and Ammonia Carbon-free Fuels
Paper: PDF, A4 page format, (1.5mb)
Paper: PDF, letter page format, (1.5mb)
Poster: PDF (10mb)

ASME Power 2011 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Denver, CO, 12-14 July 11
Beyond Smart Grid: Alternatives for Transmission and Low-cost Firming Storage of Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels via Underground Pipelines
Paper: PDF (790kb)
Presentation: PDF (10.8mb)

2010 Conference Materials

Stanford Reunion Class of ’65 Panel

Stanford, CA, 22 Oct 10
Risks and Responses to Global Climate Change
Video:     https://vimeo.com/142700207   
Use the timeline scroll bar to 23:30 min for Bill Leighty’s 15 min intro presentation.
Presentation: PDF (4.5mb)

Seventh Annual Ammonia Fuel Conference, NH3 Fuel Association

Detroit, MI, 27 September 10
Making Ammonia Fuel From Alaska’s Abundant Stranded Renewable Energy
Presentation: PDF (5.2mb)

IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting

Minneapolis, MN, 25-29 July 10
Alternatives to Electricity for GW-scale Transmission and Firming Storage for Diverse, Stranded Renewables: Hydrogen and Ammonia
Paper: PDF (769kb)

ASME Power (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)

Chicago, IL, 14 July 10
Alternatives to Electricity for Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage for Diverse Renewable Energy Resources: Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels
Presentation: PDF (7.9mb)

Business of Clean Energy in Alaska, REAP (Renewable Energy Alaska Project)

Anchorage, AK, 18 June 10
Making Ammonia Fuel From Alaska’s Vast Stranded Renewable Energy Resources
Presentation: PDF (4.0mb)

National Hydrogen Association (NHA) annual conference

Long Beach, CA, 4-6 May 10
Begin Now: Design and Build a Renewables-Source Hydrogen Transmission Pipeline Pilot Plant
Video:  https://vimeo.com/209160500
Presentation: PDF (4.9mb)

International Colloquium on Environmentally Preferred Advanced Generation, ICEPAG 2010, ASME

Costa Mesa, CA, 9-11 Feb 10
Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives to Electricity: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia via Underground Pipeline
Paper: PDF (1.2mb)
Presentation: PDF (8.7mb)

EUEC 2010

Phoenix, AZ, 2 February 10
Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives to Electricity: Gaseous Hydrogen and Anhydrous Ammonia via Underground Pipeline
Presentation: PDF (4.5mb)

2009 Conference Materials

Wartburg College, Corporation Day Keynote

Waverly, IA, 6 Oct 09
Running the World on Renewables: Energy Sustainability with God on Our Side?
Video:  https://vimeo.com/209334746
Presentation: PDF (11mb)

IRENEW Energy Expo (Iowa Renewable Energy Association)

Norway, IA, 12-13 Sep 09
Running Iowa, and the World, on Firm Renewables via GW-scale Transmission and Storage
Presentation: PDF (12.5mb)

Clean Tech

Houston, TX, 4-6 May 09
Running the World on Renewables via Hydrogen Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage
Abstract: PDF (341kb)

National Hydrogen Association (NHA) annual meeting

Columbia, SC, 30 Mar – 3 Apr 09
Alaska Village Survival: Affordable Energy Independence via Renewables Firmed as Hydrogen Storage in Liquid Anhydrous Ammonia
Paper: PDF (345kb)

2008 Conference Materials

Wind Engineering, Volume 32, Number 1, 2008

Copyright © 2008 Multi-Science Publishing Company, UK
Transmission and Firming of GW-Scale Wind Energy via Hydrogen and Ammonia
John Holbrook, AmmPower LLC and Bill Leighty, The Leighty Foundation
Paper: PDF (2.3mb)

Ammonia: The Key to US Energy Independence

Minneapolis, MN, 29-30 September 08
Energy Storage with Anhydrous Ammonia: Comparison with other Energy Storage
Presentation: PDF (3mb)

IRENEW (Iowa Renewable Energy Association) Energy Expo 08

Cedar Falls, IA, 14 September 08, University of Northern Iowa, CEEE
Running the World on Renewables
Presentation: PDF (16mb)

Renewable Energy Alaska Project (REAP) Energy Fair

Anchorage, AK, 9 August 08, Park Strip and Chena Hot Springs, AK 23 August 08
Running Alaska and the World on Renewables via Hydrogen and Ammonia Pipelines and Fuels
Presentation: PDF (11mb)

ASME Power 2008

Orlando, FL, 22-24 July 08, Disney’s Contemporary Resort
Running the World on Renewables: Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage,
Paper:  ASME POWER2008-60031  PDF  (440kb)
Presentation: PDF (8mb)

Fuel Cell 2008

Long Beach, CA, 21-22 May 08
Running the World on Renewables via Hydrogen Transmission Pipelines with Firming Geologic Storage
Presentation: PDF (4mb)

Electricity Storage Association annual meeting

Anaheim, CA, 21 May 08
Running the World on Renewables via Gaseous Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission and Firming Geologic Storage
Presentation: PDF (6mb)

International Journal of Energy Research (IJER), Volume 32 Issue 5, April 2008

Special issue on Renewables and Hydrogen Energy
Technologies for Sustainable Development Issue Edited by Bent Sørensen. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Running the world on renewables: Hydrogen transmission pipelines and firming geologic storage
Paper: PDF (470kb)

National Hydrogen Association annual meeting

Sacramento, CA, 30 March – 4 April, 2008
Two Farm Bill Research Initiatives Promise New Markets, Transmission, and Firming Storage for Diverse, Large-scale, Stranded Renewables as Hydrogen and Ammonia
Paper: PDF (345kb)
Poster: PDF (1.2mb)     ‘07 Farm Bill: Hydrogen from Large, Stranded, Renewable Resources

Washington International Renewable Energy Conference 08  (WIREC 08)

Official Side Event (OSE) #92
Washington, DC, 4-6 March 08, Washington Convention Center
GW-scale Transmission and Annual-scale Firming Storage Alternatives for Diverse, Stranded, Renewables: Electricity, Hydrogen, Ammonia, and Others
Speakers: Bill Leighty, The Leighty Foundation; John Moore, Environmental Law and Policy Center; Tom Key, EPRI; Jerome Hinkle, National Hydrogen Association; Jim Blencoe, Hydrogen Discoveries, Inc.; Jason Ganley, Howard University
Presentation:  PDF